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Dukhan English School follows the system in England and Wales by dividing education into five Key Stages. Key Stages 1 and 2 are part of primary education at Dukhan English School.

Secondary education comprises Key Stage 3 (KS3), the junior secondary stage; Key Stage 4 (KS4), the GCSE stage; and Key Stage 5 (KS5), the A-Level stage.

Throughout the first three Key Stages, all students study the same curriculum, with a few exceptions where students may need extra English support or have special educational needs. However, during Year 9, students are given the opportunity to decide five optional subjects that they wish to study for the critical two years of Key Stage 4. These optional subjects are studied alongside the core subjects of English, Mathematics, Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Core Physical Education, and Personal, Social and Health Education (PSHE), which all students must study.

The choices the students make at this time are particularly important because they will have a significant bearing on what they will be able to do when they complete their IGCSE studies at the end of Year 11.

The opportunities for taking up certain careers, training courses, and A-Levels can be limited if particular subjects are dropped after Year 9. It is important for students to keep their options open when they make their decisions. This means that students should study a wide range of subjects rather than specializing too early. Few Year 9 students have a clear idea as to what career path they want to take. Even if they do, it is still advisable to be flexible, as it is common to change one's mind. The school encourages students to maintain a broad range of interests and academic studies, throughout their educational career and beyond.